The first motor oil recycling plant in BiH could be built in the Ilijaš Municipality in the foreseeable future, benefiting the entire country, as well as the region. At this year’s Urban Planners Exhibition held on 6 November in Niš and organised by the Serbian Town Planners Association, IPSA Institut Sarajevo presented its design of the Ilijaš Motor Oil Recycling Plant.
– The used oil recycling plant will occupy a surface area of 22.000 m2 in the territory of the Ilijaš Municpality in the industrial zone on the right bank of the Bosnia River, said Mirza Bašalić of the IPSA Institute in a telephone interview.
In BiH alone there are over one million registered vehicles all of them equipped with engines requiring oil change. It is illegal to discard oil, giving rise to the question what happens with it. “Waste oil is hazardous technological waste”, states the FBiH Environmental Protection Act, therefore special care must be taken when depositing oil. According to some statistical data, one fifth of water pollution can be traced back to used oil – one litre of oil contaminates a million litres of water.
With a view to protect the environment, most often two technological processes are applied to treating used oil, controlled incineration and recycling.
– Form the aspect of environmental protection, recycling of processed and used oils is the best and simplest way to solve the issue of oil treatment. Oil production and processing of used oils do not have a negative impact on the environment. All facilities where oil might leak from tanks into the environment are protected with RC impervious walls acting as capturing pools, Bašalić pointed out.
Bašalić said that the complex would be situated on the platform of an existing fill and that a new retaining wall would provide additional protection. A 2.50 m high fence complete with gates restricting access will be erected along the boundaries of the complex.
–The factory itself is comprised of several functional units such as a treatment plant where raw materials are recycled and finished products produced, a warehouse for raw materials and finished products, a system for manipulating petroleum products, an electrical substation and distribution system, administrative offices with accompanying and ancillary facilities of the plant, an access control booth and a car park for tanker trucks.
Bašalić stressed that the location would be fully accessible via existing roads and an industrial track. The traffic within the complex is adjusted to the factory’s technological process.
–The oil recycling factory is designed for an annual capacity of 50.000 tonnes of finished product, i.e. 95% of petroleum and 2% of sludge which are then processed into bitumen and pure water, said Mirza Bašalić.
Until this project is implemented, a possible solution is to export used motor oil, which would not boost the local economy since we are importing liquid energy generating products. The demand for used oil, which is primarily incinerated, has spiked in Europe. In the USA, approximately 3.375.000 tonnes of used motor oil is processed annually, of which 14% is recycled, 43% is used as an energy source for asphalt plants, 12% as an energy source for electric power plants, 12% for steel mills, 5% for cement plants, 5% for navy steam boilers, 4% as an energy source for wood and paper processing and 5% for other needs.